The doctrine of the sovereignty of God in the choice of the objects of His mercy should produce: (1) the most profound humility in those who are called according to His purpose. They are constrained to say, “Not to us, not to us, but to Your name be all the glory” [Psalm 115.1]. (2) The liveliest gratitude that we, though so unworthy, should, from eternity, have been selected as the objects in whom God displays the riches of His glory. (3) Confidence and peace under all circumstances because the purpose of God does not change. Whom He has predestinated, those He also calls, justifies, and glorifies. (4) Diligence in the discharge of all duty to make our calling and election sure. That is, to make it evident to ourselves and others that we are the called and chosen of God. We should ever remember that election is to holiness and, consequently, to live in sin is to invalidate every claim to be considered as one of God’s elect. – Charles Hodge (1797-1878), commenting on Romans 9.6-24.