The theme of the Exodus plague account reaches a crescendo in the Book of Revelation, in which the plagues will strike the followers of Satan at the end of time (cf. Revelation 16).  In other words, the plague narrative serves as a paradigm of the judgment that will come upon all unbelievers one day.  For example, Revelation repeats the first plague in Egypt through the second and third bowls of wrath, which are described as follows: “The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became like the blood of a corpse, and every living thing died that was in the sea.  The third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood” (Revelation 16.3-4).  The similarities between these descriptions and the narratives in Exodus are obvious.  The apostle John cites other plagues as well, such as the seventh plague of hail: “And great hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, fell from heaven on people; and they cursed God for the plague of the hail, because the plague was so severe” (Revelation 16.21).  The size of the hailstones in Revelation underscores the intensity and severity of the plague in the eschaton; it is so much greater than the plague in Egypt.  In reality, the disaster that falls on the Egyptians is a mere foretaste of the final judgment at the end of time.  In other words, the plagues of Exodus echo into the Book of Revelation, and they foreshadow what will come upon God’s enemies in the final days.

From: “Exodus” by John D. Currid, in A Biblical-Theological Introduction to the Old Testament: The Gospel Promised, edited by Miles V. Van Pelt (Wheaton: Crossway, 2016), p. 80.


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